Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), also called acquired brain injury or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. The damage can be focal - confined to one area of the brain - or diffuse - involving more than one area of the brain. TBI can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury. A closed injury occurs when the head suddenly and violently hits an object but the object does not break through the skull. A penetrating injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Half of all Traumatic Brain Injuries are due to transportation accidents involving automobiles, motorcycles, bicycles, and pedestrians. These accidents are the major cause of Traumatic Brain Injury in people under age 75. For those 75 and older, falls cause the majority of TBIs. Approximately 20 percent of Traumatic Brain Injuries are due to violence, such as firearm assaults and child abuse, and about 3 percent are due to sports injuries. Fully half of TBI incidents involve alcohol use. The cause of the specific Traumatic Brain Injury plays a role in determining the patient's outcome. For example, approximately 91 percent of firearm TBIs result in death, while only 11 percent of Traumatic Brain Injuries from falls result in death. It is important to get the proper compensation for a Traumatic Brain Injury victim because the settlement should allow for any mental or physical impairment - pain and suffering - and the impact on the accident victim's life. Understanding brain injuries can be complicated. Making the jury understand the extent of the physical and emotional losses a brain injury has suffered is an important step to obtaining the maximum damages award available. Contact a Las Vegas Brain Injury Lawyer to evaluate your claim for damages.
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If you were involved in a Las Vegas auto accident, you may experience whiplash. If extreme force is applied to your neck in any one direction you can experience whiplash. When two cars collide in a Las Vegas auto accident, there are thousands of pounds of sheer force which can be transferred to your spine and neck in spite of the fact that most cars are engineered to absorb a lot of the impact of a collision. In a car accident, the weight of your head is not adequately supported by your neck and your head is thrusted in one direction. This thrusting movement which shoots your head suddenly in one direction, is commonly known as whiplash and the technical name for it is cervical acceleration/deceleration (CAD) syndrome or trauma. This whip reaction causes tearing or stretching of discs which are located in between bones of your spine. The most common cause of whiplash injury is an automobile accident. A whiplash neck injury may include injury to intervertebral joints, discs, and ligaments, cervical muscles, and nerve roots. Symptoms such as neck pain may be present directly after the injury or may be delayed for several days. In addition to neck pain, other symptoms may include neck stiffness, injuries to the muscles and ligaments (myofascial injuries), headache, dizziness, abnormal sensations such as burning or prickling (paresthesias), or shoulder or back pain. In addition, some people experience cognitive, somatic, or psychological conditions such as memory loss, concentration impairment, nervousness/irritability, sleep disturbances, fatigue, or depression. Treatment for individuals with whiplash may include pain medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, muscle relaxants, and a cervical collar (usually worn for 2 to 3 weeks). Range of motion exercises, physical therapy, and cervical traction may also be prescribed. Supplemental heat application may relieve muscle tension. Generally, prognosis for individuals with whiplash is good. The neck and head pain clears within a few days or weeks. Most patients recover within 3 months after the injury, however, some may continue to have residual neck pain and headaches.
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Nearly 200,000 people in the United States live with a disability related to a spinal cord injury. Approximately 11,000 Americans are hospitalized for a spinal cord injury (SCI) each year. The leading causes of spinal cord injury vary by age. Among persons under age 65, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause. Among persons over 65, falls cause most spinal cord injuries. Nearly 200,000 people in the United States live with a disability related to a spinal cord injury. Approximately 11,000 Americans are hospitalized for a spinal cord injury (SCI) each year. The leading causes of spinal cord injury vary by age. Among persons under age 65, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause. Among persons over 65, falls cause most spinal cord injuries. More than 200,000 people who suffered a spinal cord injury are living with permanent paralysis in their arms or legs.
People with spinal cord injuries can also lose sensation and -- depending where along the spinal cord the injury occurs -- control over critical body functions, including the ability to breathe. And because two-thirds of spinal cord injuries occur in people who are 30 years old or younger, the resulting disabilities can affect their entire adult lives. If a spinal cord injury has caused you or a loved one to suffer due to the negligence of a person or a company, contact a Las Vegas Spinal Cord Injury Lawyer to evaluate your injury claim.
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Nearly everyone at some point has back pain that interferes with work, routine daily activities, or recreation. Americans spend at least $50 billion each year on low back pain, the most common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work. Back pain is the second most common neurological ailment in the United States — only headache is more common. Acute or short-term low back pain generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Symptoms may range from muscle ache to shooting or stabbing pain, limited flexibility and/or range of motion, or an inability to stand straight. Chronic back pain is measured by duration - pain that persists for more than 3 months is considered chronic. Back pain can often be caused by the extreme force of impact when two cars collide in a Las Vegas car accident. A Las Vegas Car Accident Attorney can help you obtain compensation to pay for the medical bills you incurred and for the pain and suffering you endured as a result of the auto accident in Nevada.
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Dog Bite Injury
Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States seeks medical attention for a dog bite related injury.
During 1979-1998, dog attacks killed more than 300 Americans.
Nearly 800,000 people sought medical care for dog bites in 1994; half of them were children under 18. Researchers examined data about deadly dog attacks that occurred during 1979-1998. They found that at least 25 breeds of dogs had been involved in the fatal attacks. However, pit bull-type dogs and Rottweilers were involved in more than half of the deaths for which the breed was known. Of the 227 fatal attacks for which data were available, more than two-thirds of attacks involved a single dog, and more than half involved dogs that were unrestrained on their owner's property. Children are at greater risk of injury and death from dog bites. Many children do not know how to behave around a dog. Children's small size and inability to fend off an attack may put them at additional risk.
In 1994, approximately 2.5% of U.S. children under 14 years old were bitten compared with 1.6% of adults over 18 years old.
In 1997-1998, 27 people died from dog bites; 19 of them were children under 15. Children, especially boys ages 5 to 9, have the highest incidence rate for emergency department visits resulting from dog bites. An attack by a dangerous dog can cause severe injuries. If you or a family member were injured in a Las Vegas dog attack, contact a Nevada Personal Injury Lawyer for a free consultation to evaluate your claim for money damages.
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One of the most painful injuries that one can ever experience is a burn injury. When a burn occurs to the skin, nerve endings are damaged causing intense feelings of pain. Every year, millions of people in the United States are burned in one way or another. Of those, thousands die as a result of their burns. Many require long-term hospitalization. Burns are a leading cause of unintentional death in the United States, exceeded in numbers only by automobile crashes and falls.
Serious burns are complex injuries. In addition to the burn injury itself, a number of other functions may be affected. Burn injuries can affect muscles, bones, nerves, and blood vessels. The respiratory system can be damaged, with possible airway obstruction, respiratory failure and respiratory arrest. Since burns injure the skin, they impair the body's normal fluid/electrolyte balance, body temperature, body thermal regulation, joint function, manual dexterity, and physical appearance. In addition to the physical damage caused by burns, patients also may suffer emotional and psychological problems that begin at the emergency scene and could last a long time. If you suffered a burn injury due to the negligence of a person or a company, contact a Las Vegas Burn Injury Lawyer to discuss your legal options.
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Sports Injury law has recently progressed to allow some compensation to participants who were injured. If an opponent in a competitive sport breaks the rules of the game in a malicious or reckless manner, it may be possible to have a viable personal injury claim. An example of this might occur if a football player intentionally hits another player in the face with a closed fist. It used to be that people assumed the risk of injury when playing in a rough sport. However, recent cases in some states have shown that malicious injury intended to cripple, maim, disfigure or even kill another person should be actionable in some situations. Also, the failure of some school coaches to properly supervise students participating in sporting events could support a negligence claim. In some cases, the failure on the part of the referee to apply the rules of the game could result in a damage claim. Many of these cases fight an uphill battle because it is assumed that the participant has considered the risk and may have signed a liability waiver promising not to sue if an injury occurs. If you or a family member suffered a sports injury, contact a Las Vegas Sports Injury Lawyer to determine if you have a compensable personal injury claim.
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Facial trauma is any injury of the face and upper jaw bone. Alternative names for facial trauma are: Maxillofacial injury; Midface trauma; Facial injury; LeFort injuries. Blunt or penetrating trauma can cause injury to the midface region, which includes the upper jaw (maxilla). Common causes of facial injury include: Automobile accidents; Violence
Penetrating injuries. Symptoms of facial trauma include: difficulty breathing through the nose due to swelling and bleeding in the nasal region; changes in sensation and feeling over the face; swelling around the eyes may cause limitations in vision; double vision; missing teeth. If a facial trauma patient is unable to perform any normal function, or a substantial cosmetic deformity occurs, the treatment is usually surgical. Facial trauma patients sometimes do very well with proper pre-operative workup and planning. Sadly, facial trauma patients are usually advised that after surgical treatment, they will most likely look different from their pre-injury state and that revision surgeries may be necessary 6 to 12 months later. If you or a family member suffered facial trauma due to the misconduct of another person in Nevada, contact a Nevada Personal Injury Lawyer for a free consultation.
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Gun Shot Injury
Death due to injuries from firearms is an increasingly important public health problem. As a group, injuries from firearms were the ninth leading cause of death overall in 1994 and the fourth leading cause of years of potential life lost before age 65. During a 33-year period, the total number of firearm deaths increased by 130%, from 16,720 in 1962 to 38,505 in 1994. If present trends continue, firearm-related injuries could become the leading cause of deaths attributed to injury, surpassing injuries due to motor vehicle crashes. Suicide and homicide are responsible for most firearm fatalities; they accounted for 94% of the total in 1994. Firearm-related mortality affects all demographic groups, but the greatest increases in recent years were among teens 15-19 years of age, young adults aged 20-24, and older adults aged 75 and older. For those 15-19, increases in firearm-related homicide, suicide, and unintentional injury deaths were especially great. If a person intentionally shoots you, that person would probably face criminal prosecution by the District Attorney. At the same time, you could pursue a civil lawsuit for the injuries you suffered from being shot. Both of these cases proceed at the same time and you should consult a Las Vegas Lawyer to get more information on this process. Gunshot wounds which result from negligence can also support a Nevada personal injury claim. If a police officer wrongly shoots and injures a person, an injury claim may be viable as well as a possible claim for violation of civil rights if the officer's misconduct was performed under color of law. If your family has suffered due to the infliction of a gunshot wound, contact a Las Vegas Attorney to evaluate your case.
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There has been a dramatic increase in childhood playground related injuries over the past two decades. In 1977, 93,000 injuries were reported as contrasted to more than 200,000 in 1996. Children ages 5 to 14 account for 70 percent of these playground-related injuries.
What are the causes? It is estimated that one-third of playground-related fatalities and 70 percent of injuries occur on public playgrounds. More than 70 percent of playground-related injuries involve falls to the surface and 9 percent involve falls onto equipment. Yet, more than 90 percent of public playgrounds lack adequate protective surfacing. Falls account for 90 percent of the most severe playground-related injuries (mostly head injuries and fractures) and one-third of fatalities. Head injuries are involved in 75 percent of all fall-related deaths associated with playground equipment. Lack of supervision is associated with 40 percent of playground injuries.
What works to prevent the problem? More resilient playground surfaces, and greater attention to the role of supervision, training, and hazard identification in risk management and injury reduction on playgrounds. Despite prior research and the magnitude of the playground injury problem, most communities do not promote, mandate, or enforce standards based on published guidelines for playground surfaces and playground equipment. Few teachers, parents, or students have been properly trained in the appropriate use of playground equipment or the importance of supervision during play. If your child suffered a playground injury, contact a Las Vegas Personal Injury Attorney for a free case evaluation.
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Drunk Driving Injury
Drunk driving devastates many families across the nation. An alcohol-related motor vehicle crash kills someone every 33 minutes and nonfatally injures someone every two minutes.
In 1999, 15,786 people died in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. That's 38% of the year's total traffic deaths.
Approximately 1.4 million drivers were arrested in 1998 for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. That's just over 1% of the estimated 120 million or more episodes of impaired driving that occur among U.S. adults each year.
About 3 in 10 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash in their lifetimes.
Nearly three-quarters of drivers convicted of driving while impaired are either frequent heavy drinkers (alcohol abusers) or alcoholics (alcohol dependent). If you or a loved one were injured in Nevada because of an impaired driver, contact a Las Vegas Lawyer for a free case evaluation.
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